2023 gave the smallest harvest since 1961

Picture of Björnstierne Antonsson

Björnstierne Antonsson

The result of this year’s global wine harvest has made headlines in the international press, marking the smallest harvest in over sixty years. The question that arises is whether this is solely due to the climate. [read the full champagne story] 

Estimated reading time: 2 minutes

As a statistics enthusiast, I find it intriguing, but I am also aware of its deceptive nature. What do we really know about reduced harvest yields, for example? According to OIV (Office International de la Vigne et du Vin) in Paris, the facts show a decrease of seven percent.

In total, the grape harvest in 2023 yielded approximately 244 million hectoliters of wine, equivalent to 32 billion bottles. This is the lowest volume since 1961. OIV points to extreme climate problems as one cause of the decline, but they also mention decreased wine consumption.

Even in the southern hemisphere, where the harvest was conducted in March, volumes decreased by nineteen percent compared to 2022, marking the lowest figure since 2003.

The EU accounts for sixty percent of the world’s wine production, approximately 146 million hectoliters, and retains its market share. An interesting observation is that France has now become the world’s largest wine producer, surpassing Italy this year.

Here are the numbers country by country


  1. France 45.8 million hl
  2. Italy 43.9 million hl
  3. Spain 30.7 million hl
  4. Germany 9.0 million hl
  5. Portugal 7.4 million hl
  6. Romania 4.4 million hl
  7. Hungary 2.5 million hl
  8. Austria 2.4 million hl
  9. Greece 1.1 million hl
  10. Switzerland 1.0 million hl
  11. Bulgaria 0.9 million hll
  12. Slovenia 0.5 million hl
  13. Czech Republic 0.5 million hl
  14. Croatia 0.4 million hl
  15. Slovakia 0.3 million hl
  16. Georgia 1.5 million hl
  17. Moldova 1.3 million hl
  18. Russia 4.9 million hl


  1. USA 25.2 million hl
  2. Chile 10 million hl
  3. Argentina 8.8 million hl
  4. Brazil 2.3 million hl
  5. Uruguay 0.5 million hl


South Africa 9.3 million hl


  1. Australia 9.9 million hl
  2. New Zealand 3.6 million hl

(China’s official figures are missing)

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